December 2 2010
Co-Chairs Bernard Richard and Shirley Smallwood
Consultation Process for Centre of Excellence for Children
and Youth with Complex Needs
Dear Mr. Richard and Ms Smallwood
I am writing you this open letter to address what I believe is a fundamental flaw in the well intentioned complex needs consultation process that you co-chair. I do so even despite the respect I have for both of you. The flaw consists of ruling out, as you did in your opening remarks at the Fredericton Inn, any "institutional" recommendations. The flaw consists in taking a buzz word approach to addressing the real life challenges presented by children and youth with with complex needs. This approach implicitly praises solutions which mention "community" and mocks realistic needs based discussion of a centre as old fashioned "bricks and mortar" thinking. The flaw consists of believing, contrary to the evidence, that all children and youth with complex needs will ultimately recover well enough to live in an undefined "community" setting.
This unrealistic "community" philosophy has dominated thinking in New Brunswick for decades and is in fact responsible for forcing youths and adults with autism disorders and other challenges into psychiatric care hospitals after the inadequate group homes either can not or will not take them. Any discussion of developing realistic, long term care needs of severely challenged youth and adults with autism has met with dismissive rhetoric as took place at the Fredericton Inn and subsequently at the Connecting the Dots pep rally at McLaggan Hall. Over several years of autism advocacy I have encountered the rhetoric of the inclusion philosophy adherents and have seen it prevent candid discussion of serious issues. I heard that same rhetoric from you at the Fredericton Inn Mr. Richard when you declared that you would not make "institutional" recommendations. I heard it again during the Fredericton Inn consultations when the discussion table to which I had been assigned was joined by NBACL President Clarence Box who sat down and immediately declared that we had to get away from "bricks and mortar" concepts. I heard the rhetoric again at the Connecting the Dots Pep Rally at McLaggan Hall at UNB when you too spoke of moving past "bricks and mortar" thinking. Such rhetoric is dismissive and harmful to the interests of those who, ultimately, need bricks and mortar facilities in which to live decently and securely and receive the expert care they need.
With great respect I have no illusions about the complex needs consultation process. Your recommendations are unlikely to address the long term needs of persons like my son now 14 who is severely autistic with profound developmental delays. Your recommendations are unlikely to address the needs of the autistic individual who has been living in Spurwink for several years. Your recommendations are unlikely to address the needs of youth and adults with autism disorders who have resided in hospital wards, hotels and even at the Miramichi youth correctional centre.
I offer this correspondence with my family and other families like the Michaud family featured recently on CBC in mind. The Michaud's, who I have met, are loving and caring parents who have faced a challenging situation in raising and caring for their son with many severe challenges including Asperger's and violent behaviour as was described in the feature. The Michaud family courageously appeared on CBC television and asked for long term care facilities to help their son and others facing similar challenges. They spoke honestly about the violence they and their children have lived with in their home.
The system in place in New Brunswick, a system dominated by community inclusion philosophy, has not provided real life, evidence based solutions to help the Michaud family and other families facing severe challenges in raising autistic children, and other children with complex needs, as they enter adolescence and adulthood. The flaw in your thinking is that you fail to recognize that it is the community inclusion philosophy and its powerful advocates, including Order of Canada recipient, former New Brunswick Human Rights Commission Chair, and now Premier David Alward's transition team advisor Gordon Porter, which have prevented development in New Brunswick of modern, community based long term care solutions for youth and adults with autism disorders and other complex needs. With great respect you appear to be poised to recommend curing problems by recommending more of the same philosophy that has done so much to create those problems.
If you look at the CBC web site you will find an article featuring Dr. Paul McDonnell which praised New Brunswick's early intervention and school based autism programs but also spoke to the need for an autism centre of excellence one which would include the ability to provide long term care for those autistic persons who will not be able to live in community based facilities. I believe Ms Smallwood is well aware of the leading role played by Dr. McDonnell, a clinical psychologist and retired psychology professor, in building New Brunswick's preschool and school based autism service delivery model that has received recognition and praise from such experts as Eric Larsson of the Lovaas Institute and David Celiberti of the Association for Science in Autism Treatment. Dr. McDonnell stated:
"What remains to be done? While we need to celebrate the achievements to date, we need to make a commitment to the needs of all families and all age groups.
Our greatest need at present is to develop services for adolescents and adults.
What is needed is a range of residential and non-residential services and these services need to be staffed with behaviorally trained supervisors and therapists.
Some jurisdictions in the United States have outstanding facilities that are in part funded by the state and provide a range of opportunities for supervised and independent living for individuals with various disabilities."
We need an enhanced group home system throughout the province in which homes would be linked directly to a major centre that could provide ongoing training, leadership and supervision.
That major centre could also provide services for those who are mildly affected as well as permanent residential care and treatment for the most severely affected.
Such a secure centre would not be based on a traditional "hospital" model but should, itself, be integrated into the community in a dynamic manner, possibly as part of a private residential development.
The focus must be on education, positive living experiences, and individualized curricula. The key to success is properly trained professionals and staff.
According to the most recent CDC estimates 1 in 110 persons have an autism disorder diagnosis. The recommendations of Dr. McDonnell, a New Brunswick autism expert knowledgeable about autism realities in New Brunswick, should be part of any recommendations for youth with complex needs that involve autism disorders. If you are not going to address these serious challenges in a meaningful way, as Dr. McDonnell has done, I would regretfully submit that you will be doing a serious disservice to many youth and adults with autism disorders ... people that I do believe you want to help.
Harold L Doherty
cc. Facing Autism in New Brunswick